countable Nouns



SPELLING RULES FOR COUNTABLE NOUNS



-- Final "-y" is preceded by a consonant letter:
agency - agencies
ally - allies
baby - babies
bunny - bunnies
city - cities
colony - colonies
factory - factories
gallery - galleries
grocery - groceries
lady - ladies
pony - ponies
poppy - poppies
puppy - puppies
sky - skies
spy - spies
tally - tallies

-- Final "-y" is preceded by one vowel letter:
attorney - attorneys
boy - boys
chimney - chimneys
guy - guys
key - keys
play - plays
ray - rays
toy - toys

-- Ending in "-f", "-fe":
calf - calves
half - halves
knife - knives
leaf - leaves
life - lives
loaf - loaves
self - selves
shelf - shelves
thief - thieves
wife - wives
wolf - wolves

-- Exceptions:
belief - beliefs
cafe - cafes
chef - chefs
chief - chiefs
cliff - cliffs
gulf - gulfs
roof - roofs
safe - safes
-- Ending in "o":
echo - echoes
hero - heroes
potato - potatoes
tomato - tomatoes
zero - zeroes

-- Exceptions:
auto - autos
avocado - avocados
bamboo - bamboos
casino - casinos
kilo - kilos
logo - logos
memo - memos
patio - patios
photo - photos
piano - pianos
portfolio - portfolios
radio - radios
studio - studios
taco - tacos
tattoo - tattoos
tuxedo - tuxedos
video - videos
zoo - zoos

-- Ending in "-sh", "-ch", "-s", "-x" "-z":
appendix - appendixes/appendices
boss - bosses
box - boxes
branch - branches
buzz - buzzes
church - churches
class - classes
couch - couches
focus - focuses/ foci
fox - foxes
guess - guesses
index - indexes/indices
lunch - lunches
quiz - quizzes
sandwich - sandwiches
syllabus - syllabuses/syllabi
touch - touches
wish - wishes

-- Exceptions:
monarch - monarchs
stomach - stomachs


IRREGULAR PLURALS:

analysis - analyses
bacterium - bacteria
basis - bases
child - children
crisis - crises
criterion - criteria
curriculum - curricula
diagnosis - giagnoses
foot - feet
goose - geese
hypothesis -hypotheses
louse - lice
man - men
mouse - mice
nucleus - nuclei
oasis - oases
ox - oxen
phenomenon - phenomena
stimulus - stimuli
thesis - theses
tooth - teeth
woman - women

-- No change for plural forms:
aircraft - aircraft
deer - deer
fish - fish
sheep - sheep
species - species
xxx - cattle
xxx - people
xxx - personnel
xxx - police
xxx - staff

-- Words always in plural forms:
belongings
clothes
congratulations
glasses
goods
groceries
jeans
pajamas
pants
scissors
shorts
stairs
tongs
tropics
trousers

-- Uncountable nouns with plurals:
glass - glasses
paper - papers
water - waters
work - works