63. The American Civil War
The American Civil War happened from 1861 to
. The main cause was Southern states feeling that
U.S. federal government in Washington D.C. should not
the power to tell them what to do.
was especially true about two issues, taxes and
. The Southern economy was based on agriculture while
Northern economy was based on manufacturing. Southern crops
cotton were sold to factories and then southerners
to pay taxes on the finished goods sold
to them like clothing. Many southerners felt this
unfair. Additionally the agricultural economy in the south
reliant on the labor of enslaved Africans and
descendants. Many people, especially from the North, felt
was wrong and that slavery needed to be
. Southerners felt the abolitionists were threatening their way
life. Seven Southern slave states, banded together, declared
secession and formed the Confederate States of America.
government in Washington D.C. and its army was
as the Union, since they were fighting to
the country united.
Abraham Lincoln was president of
United States during the Civil War. The President
the Confederate States was Jefferson Davis. The first
was the Battle of Fort Sumter. During the
President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which declared
freedom of slaves in the Confederate States of
. This action was supposed to show that Lincoln
still in charge of the entire United States.
Civil War was the bloodiest war fought inside
United States. 620,000 were killed and millions more
injured. One of the bloodiest battles of the
War was the Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania.
,000 people from both sides died, more than in
other battle. The Civil War ended in 1865
General Robert E. Lee of the Confederate Army