63. The American Civil War

The American Civil War happened from 1861 to . The main cause was Southern states feeling that U.S. federal government in Washington D.C. should not the power to tell them what to do. was especially true about two issues, taxes and . The Southern economy was based on agriculture while Northern economy was based on manufacturing. Southern crops cotton were sold to factories and then southerners to pay taxes on the finished goods sold to them like clothing. Many southerners felt this unfair. Additionally the agricultural economy in the south reliant on the labor of enslaved Africans and descendants. Many people, especially from the North, felt was wrong and that slavery needed to be . Southerners felt the abolitionists were threatening their way life. Seven Southern slave states, banded together, declared secession and formed the Confederate States of America. government in Washington D.C. and its army was as the Union, since they were fighting to the country united.

Abraham Lincoln was president of United States during the Civil War. The President the Confederate States was Jefferson Davis. The first was the Battle of Fort Sumter. During the President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which declared freedom of slaves in the Confederate States of . This action was supposed to show that Lincoln still in charge of the entire United States.

Civil War was the bloodiest war fought inside United States. 620,000 were killed and millions more injured. One of the bloodiest battles of the War was the Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania. ,000 people from both sides died, more than in other battle. The Civil War ended in 1865 General Robert E. Lee of the Confederate Army .