Passive Voice

 



ACTIVE                                    PASSIVE

Simple present:

Sam kicks the ball.                    The ball is kicked by Sam.

Sam pets the cats.                   The cats are petted by Sam.

Sam visits me.                          I am visited by Sam.

Simple past:

Sam kicked the ball.                  The ball was kicked by Sam.

Sam kicked the cats.                 The cats were kicked by Sam.

Simple future:                                                                                                             

Sam will kick the ball.                The ball will be kicked by Sam.

Sam will kick the cats.               The cats will be kicked by Sam.  (no change)

Present perfect:

Sam has kicked the ball.            The ball has been kicked by Sam.

Sam has kicked the cats.           The cats have been kicked by Sam.

Past perfect:

Sam had kicked the ball.            The ball had been kicked by Sam.

Sam had kicked the cats.           The cats had been kicked by Sam.  (no change)

Future perfect:

Sam will have kicked the ball.     The ball will have been kicked by Sam.

Sam will have kicked the cats.    The cats will have been kicked by Sam. (no change)

 

 

PROGRESSIVE TENSES  (the passive forms of the last 4 tenses below are rarely, if ever, used)

                                                          

ACTIVE                                    PASSIVE

Simple present:

Sam is kicking the ball.              The ball is being kicked by Sam.

Sam is petting the cats.             The cats are being petted by Sam.

Simple past:                                                                                                                           

Sam was kicking the ball.           The ball was being kicked by Sam.

Sam was kicking the cats.          The cats were being kicked by Sam.

Simple future:

Sam will be kicking the ball.        The ball will be being kicked by Sam.

Sam will be kicking the cats.      The cats will be being kicked by Sam.

Present perfect:

Sam has been kicking the ball.   The ball has been being kicked by Sam.

Sam has been kicking the cats.  The cats have been being kicked by Sam.

Past perfect:

Sam had been kicking the ball.   The ball had been being kicked by Sam.

Sam had been kicking the cats.  The cats had been being kicked by Sam.

Future perfect:

Sam will have been kicking the ball.         The ball will have been being kicked by Sam.

Sam will have been kicking the cats.       The cats will have been being kicked by Sam.

 



MENU